WASTE WATER

National Pollutant Discharge Elimination (NPDES) System Compliance

ESC Lab Sciences is certified for Waste Water Analysis in 48 states. We offer a wide range of testing, in accordance with the requirements of the Federal, State and National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Program (NELAP) programs. We are additionally accredited by the Department of Defense ELAP and maintain compliance with ISO 17025 via the American Association for Laboratory Accreditation.

NOTE: SW846 methods may not exist for all inorganic analytes of interest in groundwater and other aqueous samples. Where other analyses are needed, please reference the EPA approved methods as listed on the Waste Water Analysis page.

Aquatic Toxicity

ANALYTES TECHNIQUE DESCRIPTION APPROVED METHOD
Toxicity - acute, FW organism Ceriodaphnia Mortality EPA 2002.0
Toxicity - acute, FW organism Fathead Minnow (FHM) Mortality EPA 2000.0
Toxicity - chronic, FW organism FHM Larval Survival & Growth EPA 1000.0
Toxicity - chronic, FW organism Ceriodaphnia Survival & Reproduction EPA 1002.0

Bacteriological

ANALYTES TECHNIQUE DESCRIPTION APPROVED METHOD
Fecal coliform Membrane Filter (MF), Single Step SM 9222 D-97
Total coliform MF Single Step or Two Step SM 9222 B-97
Total Coliform MPN, 5 tube, 3 dilution SM 9221 B-06
E. coli MPN, 5tube, 3 dilution SM 9221 B/F-06
E. coli Multiple Tube/Multiple Well - Colilert SM 9223 B-04
Enterococci Multiple Tube/Mutiple Well - Enterolert ASTM D6503
Heterotrophic plate count Pour Plate SM 9215 B-00

Inorganic Contaminants

ANALYTES TECHNIQUE DESCRIPTION APPROVED METHOD
Acidity as CaCO3 Electrometric or Phenolphthalein ASTM D1067, SM 2310 B-11
Alkalinity as CaCO3 Electrometric or Color Titration SM 2320 B-11, EPA 310.2
Ammonia Distillation or Gas Diffusion, Semi-automated Phenate EPA 350.1, SM 4500-NH3 B plus G-11
Biochemical oxygen demand Dissolved Oxygen Depletion - Membrane Electrode SM 5210 B-11
Bromide Ion Chromatography EPA 300.0, EPA 300.1, SM 4110 B or C-11
Carbonaceous BOD (CBOD) Diss. Oxygen Dep., Nitrif. Inhib. - Membrane Electrode SM 5210 B-11
Chemical oxygen demand Spectrophotometric Manual/Auto EPA 410.4, SM 5220 D-11
Chloride Ion Chromatography EPA 300.0, EPA 300.1, SM 4110 B or C-11
Chlorine Spectrophotometric, DPD SM 4500-Cl G-11
Color Colorimetric (Platinum-Cobalt) SM 2120 B-11
Cyanide Distillation, Spectrophotometric (Manual) SM 4500-CN B or C-11 plus E-11
Cyanide Distillation, Spectrophotometric (Auto) EPA 335.4
Cyanide Segmented Flow Injection, In-Line Ultraviolet Digestion, followed by gas diffusion amperometry ASTM D7511-09
Cyanide - amenable to Cl2 Manual Distillation, Titrimetr/Spectro SM 4500-CN B or C-11 and G-11
Fluoride Ion Chromatography EPA 300.0, EPA 300.1, SM 4110 B or C-11
Hardness - total as CaCO3 Automated Colorimetric EPA 130.1
Hardness - total as CaCO3 Titrimetric, EDTA SM 2340 C-11
Hardness - total as CaCO3 Ca + Mg Carbonates, ICP EPA 200.7 , SM 2340 B-11
Kjeldahl nitrogen - total Digestion, Distillation, Titration SM 4500-N Org B or C-11 plus NH3 B-11 plus NH3 C-11
Kjeldahl nitrogen - total Digestion, Semiauto. Digestor, Colorimetric EPA 351.2
Nitrate Ion Chromatography EPA 300.0, EPA 300.1, SM 4110 B or C-11
Nitrate - nitrite Cadmium Reduction, Automated EPA 353.2, SM 4500-NO3 F-11
Nitrate - nitrite Ion Chromatography EPA 300.0, EPA 300.1, SM 4110 B or C-11
Nitrite Ion Chromatography EPA 300.0, EPA 300.1, SM 4110 B or C-11
Nitrite Cadmium Reduction, Automated EPA 353.2, SM 4500-NO3 F-11
Oil & grease - total recov Gravimetric SM 5520 B-11
Oil & grease - hem-LL Gravimetric, Hexane Extractable Material-LL EPA 1664A and B, SM 5520 B-11
Oil & grease - hem-SPE Gravimetric, Hexane Extractable Material-SPE EPA 1664A and B
Oil & grease - sgt-non polar Gravimetric, Silica Gel Treated-Hem EPA 1664A and B
Oil & grease - non polar Gravimetric, Silica Gel Treated-Hem-SPE EPA 1664A and B
Total organic carbon (TOC) Combustion SM 5310 B-11
Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) Filtration and Oxidation or Combustion SM 5310 B, C or D-11
Total organic halides (TOX) Pyrolysis, Titrimetric SM 5320 B-10
Organic nitrogen Total Kjeldahl-N Minus Ammonia-N EPA 351.1, .2 - 350.1, SM 4500-NH3 B, C, D, E, F, G, H-11
Orthophosphate Ascorbic Acid, Manual Single Reagent SM 4500-P E-11
Oxygen (dissolved) Winkler, Azide Modification SM 4500-O C-11
Oxygen (dissolved) Membrane Electrode SM 4500-O G-11
pH Electrometric SM 4500-H B-11
Phenols Manual Distillation, Colorimetric Auto EPA 420.1
Phosphorus (total) Persulfate Digestion + Manual SM 4500-P B5-11 plus E-11
Residue - total Gravimetric, 103-105 Degrees C SM 2540 B-11
Residue - filterable (TDS) Gravimetric, 180 Degrees C SM 2540 C-11
Residue - non-filterable (TSS) Gravimetric, 103-105 Degrees C, Post Washing S SM 2540 D-11
Residue - settleable Volumetric (Imhoff Cone) or Gravimetric SM 2540 F-11
Residue - volatile Gravimetric, 550 Degrees C EPA 160.4, SM 2540 E-11
Residue - Total, fixed, and volatile solids (SQAR) Gravimetric, 500 Degrees C SM 2540 G-04 18th Ed.
Specific conductance Wheatstone Bridge EPA 120.1, SM 2510 B-11
Sulfate Ion Chromatography EPA 300.0, EPA 300.1, SM 4110 B or C-11
Sulfides Colorimetric (Methylene Blue) SM 4500-S B, C plus D-11
Sulfite - SO3 Titrimetric, Iodine-Iodate SM 4500-SO3 B-11
Surfactants Colorimetric (Methylene Blue) SM 5540 C-11
Temperature Thermometric SM 2550 B-00
Turbidity Nephelometric EPA 180.1, SM 2130 B-11

Metals

ANALYTES TECHNIQUE DESCRIPTION APPROVED METHOD
Aluminum Digestion, ICP EPA 200.7
Antimony Digestion, ICP EPA 200.7
Antimony Digestion, ICP/MS EPA 200.8
Arsenic Digestion, ICP EPA 200.7
Arsenic Digestion, ICP/MS EPA 200.8
Barium Digestion, ICP EPA 200.7
Barium Digestion, ICP/MS EPA 200.8
Beryllium Digestion, ICP EPA 200.7
Beryllium Digestion, ICP/MS EPA 200.8
Boron ICP EPA 200.7
Cadmium Digestion, ICP EPA 200.7
Cadmium ICP/MS EPA 200.8
Calcium Digestion, ICP EPA 200.7
Chromium (VI) 0.45u Filter, Colorimetric DPC SM 3500-Cr B-11,
Chromium (VI) 0.45u Filter, Ion Chromatography EPA 218.6, SM 3500-Cr C-11,
Chromium Digestion, ICP EPA 200.7
Chromium Digestion, ICP/MS EPA 200.8
Cobalt Digestion, ICP EPA 200.7
Copper Digestion, ICP EPA 200.7
Copper Digestion, ICP/MS EPA 200.8
Iron Digestion, ICP EPA 200.7
Iron, Ferrous Digestion, Colorimetric (Phenanthroline) SM 3500-Fe B-11
Lead Digestion, ICP EPA 200.7
Lead Digestion, ICP/MS EPA 200.8
Magnesium Digestion, ICP EPA 200.7
Manganese Digestion, ICP EPA 200.7
Manganese Digestion, ICP/MS EPA 200.8
Mercury Manual Cold Vapor EPA 245.1
Molybdenum Digestion, ICP EPA 200.7
Molybdenum Digestion, ICP/MS EPA 200.8
Nickel Digestion, ICP EPA 200.7
Nickel Digestion, ICP/MS EPA 200.8
Potassium Digestion, ICP EPA 200.7
Selenium Digestion, ICP EPA 200.7
Selenium Digestion, ICP/MS EPA 200.8
Silica - dissolved 0.45u Filtration + ICP EPA 200.7
Silver Digestion, ICP EPA 200.7
Silver Digestion, ICP/MS EPA 200.8
Sodium Digestion, ICP EPA 200.7
Thallium Digestion, ICP EPA 200.7
Thallium Digestion, ICP/MS EPA 200.8
Tin Digestion, ICP EPA 200.7
Tin Digestion, ICP/MS EPA 200.8
Titanium Digestion, ICP EPA 200.7
Vanadium Digestion, ICP EPA 200.7
Vanadium Digestion, ICP/MS EPA 200.8
Zinc Digestion, ICP EPA 200.7
Zinc Digestion, ICP/MS EPA 200.8

Organic Contaminants

ANALYTES TECHNIQUE DESCRIPTION APPROVED METHOD
BTEX + MTBE Purge & Trap, GC (PID) EPA 602, SM 6200C-11
Herbicides Extraction, GC, ECD EPA 615, EPA 1658, SM 6640 B-94, EPA 515.1
Pesticides - Organochlorine Extract/GC (ECD) EPA 608, SM 6630 B-93, SM 6630C-93
Pesticides - Organophosphorus GC, Extraction, NPD or FPD EPA 507, EPA 1657, EPA 622
Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) Extract/GC (ECD) EPA 608
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) Extract/HPLC (UV/Fluorescence) EPA 610, SM 6440 B-93, EPA 625, SM 6410 B-00
Semivolatile Organic Compounds - Base Neutrals & Acids (BNAs) Extract, GC/MS EPA 625, SM 6410 B-00
Volatile Organic Compounds GC/MS, P & T, Capillary Column EPA 624, SM 6200 B-11